The BMW E39 is the BMW 5 Series made between 1995 and 2003. The E39 was the successor of the BMW E34 in 1995, and itself was replaced by the E60 in 2003. Sales to Germany and most of Western Europe began in 1995, and by 1996 sales to the rest of the world had commenced. A mid-generational refresh appeared in 2000, featuring minute detail changes. At launch, the base model was the 520i, which developed 112 kilowatts (150 hp) in the pre-update models, and 126 kilowatts (170 hp) in later models. An M5 variant was introduced in 1998, with a 4.9-litre S62 V8 engine. All models but the M5 were available as either a saloon or an estate, the latter called Touring.
Development for the E34's successor began in early 1989, internally known as "Entwicklung 39" and ended in 1995. The final design was approved in 1993, with the German design patent being filed on April 20, 1994. The first pilot production models were built in February 1995, with full-scale production starting later in the year. The complete vehicle redesign draws heavily from the E38 7 Series in body construction and electronic technology. The mid-level BMW saloon showed evolutionary styling changes rather than a dramatic redesign. Initially offered only as a saloon, the wheelbase grew by 68 millimetres (2.7 in) and overall length by 55 millimetres (2.2 in) over the previous 5-series, the E34. In the US, the new 5 Series came in two forms: the 528i and 540i. The 1996 528i introduced a new M52 in-line six that it shared with the E36 328i, the 540i a 4.4-litre M62 V8 shared with the E38 740i. Both engines were upgraded over the prior 5 Series generation. The 2.8-litre dual overhead camshaft six-cylinder engine made 141 kilowatts (190 hp), versus 210 kilowatts (282 hp) for the 4.4-litre dual overhead camshaft, all-aluminiumV8. A ZF S5-31 five-speed close-ratio manual transmission was standard on the 528i, with an optional A4S 310 R four-speed automatic or (in Rest of World models) a A5S310Z five-speed Steptronic transmission (based on the ZF 5HP18). The 540i, in contrast, could have either a Getrag six-speed manual or a new five-speed A5S 560Z automatic transmission with adaptive transmission control (with or without Steptronic option). Standard equipment on both models included dual front and side airbags, anti-lock brakes, traction control, power steering, and air conditioning.
5 E39 540i
4.4 (268 cui) V8
1 photos | 2 service books | 8.39 l/100 km
Performance 210 kW (286 PS) at 5700 rpm. Torque 420 Nm (310 ft/lb) at 3900 rpm. Max speed 250 km/h. Weight 1 735 kg. Fuel gasoline. 6-speed Manual transmission. Engine 4 398 ccm (268 cui), 8-cylinder, Furcate, 32-valves, M62B44.
5 E39 530d
2.9 (179 cui)
6 photos | 4 service books | 9 discussions | 7.78 l/100 km
Performance 142 kW (193 PS) at 4000 rpm. Torque 410 Nm (302 ft/lb) at 1750 rpm. Acceleration 8.4 s ~ 0-100 km/h. Weight 1 635 kg. Fuel diesel. 5-speed Automatic transmission. Engine 2 926 ccm (179 cui), 6-cylinder, In-Line, M57D30 142kW.
5 E39 525d
2.5 (152 cui)
2 photos | 4 service books | 8.33 l/100 km
Performance 120 kW (163 PS) at 4000 rpm. Max speed 215 km/h. Weight 1 780 kg. Fuel diesel. 5-speed Manual transmission. Engine 2 497 ccm (152 cui), 6-cylinder, In-Line.
5 E39 530d
3.0 (183 cui)
24 photos | 8 service books | 9.57 l/100 km
Performance 142 kW (193 PS) at 1800 rpm. Torque 410 Nm (302 ft/lb) at 1800 rpm. Fuel diesel. 5-speed Automatic transmission. Engine 2 998 ccm (183 cui), 6-cylinder, In-Line, M57D30 142kW.
5 E39 525tds
2.5 (152 cui)
5 photos | 5 service books | 54 discussions | 6.80 l/100 km
Performance 105 kW (143 PS) at 4600 rpm. Torque 280 Nm (207 ft/lb) at 2200 rpm. Fuel diesel. 5-speed Manual transmission. Engine 2 497 ccm (152 cui), 6-cylinder, In-Line, 12-valves.